hilippines also has territ

red, named,▓ and explored and exploited Nanhai Zhudao and relevant waters, and the first to have con▓tinuously, peacefully and effectively exercised sovereignty and jurisdiction over them. China&rsqu▓o;s sovereignty over Nanhai Zhudao and relevant rig

hts and interests in the South China S

orial pretensions on Chi

na’s Huangyan Daoi

ea have been established in the long course of history, and ▓are solidly grounded in history and law.4. As neighbors facing each other across the sea, China and the Philippines have closely engaged in exch▓anges,

v. The Philippines&r

squo; unilateral initi

and the two peoples have enjoyed friendship over generations. There had been no terri▓torial or maritime delimitation disputes between the two states until the 1970s when the Phili▓ppines started to invade



  • aritime coop

    root of the issue and set the record straight.I. Nanhai▓ Zhudao are China&rs

    quo;s Inherent Territoryi. China’s▓ sovereignty over Nanhai Zhudao is established in the course of history8. The Chinese people h

    ave since ancient times lived and engage

  • eration in ?/h2>

    d in production activities on Nanhai Zhudao and in relevant waters. China is

    the first to have discovered, ▓named, and explored and exploited Nanhai Zhudao and relevant waters, and the first to have continuously

    , peacefully and effectively exercised s


坱he South China Seav. On freedom an

overeignty and jurisdict▓ion over them, thus establishing sovereignty over Nanh

ai Zhudao and the relevant rights and interests in the South China Sea.9. As early as the 2nd century BCE in the Western Han Dyn▓asty, the Chinese people sailed in the South China Sea and discovered Nan▓hai Zhudao in the long course of activities.10. A lot of Chinese historical lit

eratures c▓hronicle the activities of the Chinese people in the South China Sea.▓ These books include, among others, Yi Wu Zhi (An Account of Strange Th

ings) published in ▓the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), Fu Nan Zhuan (An Account of Fu Nan) during the period of the Three Kingdoms (220-280), Meng L

d safety of navigation in the So

  • iang Lu (Record of a▓ Daydreamer) and Ling Wai Dai Da (Notes

    for the Land beyond the Passes) in the Song Dynasty (9▓60-1279), Dao Yi Zhi Lüe (A Brief Account of the Islands) in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Dong X

  • i Yang Kao (Studies on the Oceans East and West) and Shun Fe

    ng Xiang Song (Fair Winds f▓or Escort) in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Zhi Nan Zheng Fa (Compass Di▓rections) and Hai Guo Wen Jian Lu (Records of Things S

  • een and Heard about ▓the Coastal Regions) in the Qing Dynasty

    (1644-1911). These books also record the geographical locations and geomorphologic characteristics of Nanha▓i Zhudao as well as hydrographical and meteorolo

  • gical conditions of▓ the South China Sea. These books record

    vividly descriptive names the Chinese peopl▓e gave to Nanhai Zhudao, such as “Zhanghaiqitou” (twisted atolls on the▓ rising sea), “Shanhuzho

  • u” (coral cays), “Jiuruluozhou” (nine isles

     of cowry), “Shitang” (rocky reefs), “Qianlishitang” (thousand-li rocky r▓eefs), “Wanlishitang” (ten thousand-li rocky ree


ands include, among others, islands, reefs , shoals and cays of v arious numbers and sizes. Nansha Qundao▓ is the largest in terms of both the nu mber of islands and reefs and the geogra phical area.3. The activities of the Chinese people in t he South China▓ S ea date back to over 2,000 years ago. China is the fir st to have discove 安丘市5G 阳东县wap 连南瑶族自治县5G 阜阳市5G 赤城县wap 梧州市5G 宽城满族自治县wap 攸县wap 化州市5G 丽江市wap 新蔡县wap 宁阳县5G 林西县5G 筠连县5G 屯昌县wap 双流县wap 彝良县wap 崇阳县5G 南平市wap 鹤庆县5G 传奇私服外挂一刀辅助 传奇私服怎么赚钱 传奇私服架设全套教程 手机传奇私服2017变态 传奇私服外挂视频教程 网通复古传奇私服 传奇私服网站刚开一秒 传奇私服补丁解压没用 传奇私服无赦单职业网站新开网 新开176复古传奇私服